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Wideman Comparative Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v5.5 is copyright © R. Max Wideman, 2000-2017.

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Last updated 12-22-17

Master Glossary
Programming   - to -   Project
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Term
Definition     Editor's Choice
Cat Source
Programming
In Europe, this term means "Scheduling". Otherwise it means writing software code. [D03188]

GJ

 RMW
Programs
Various meanings:
  1. In Europe, this term refers to North American "Schedules", i.e. bar charts.
  2. Separate groups of related projects. See Program.
  3. Software applications, software codings.
[D03189]

GJ
CHMT

 RMW
Programs and Services
Activities designed to produce benefits for a target group. [D06481]

GJ

 asae
Progress
The partial completion of a project, or a measure of same. Also, the act of entering progress information for a project. [D01329]

GJN
CHMT

 WST
Development to a more advanced state. Progress relates to a progression of development and therefore shows relationships between current conditions and past conditions. [D01327]

GJ

 PMK87
Forward course, development. [D01328]

GJ

 NPMT
Progress Analysis
In Cost Management, the development of performance indices such as:
  1. Cost Performance Index = CPI = BCWP/ACWP
  2. Schedule Performance Index = SPI = BCWP/BCWS
[D01330]

JN

 PMK87
In Time Management, the evaluation of calculated progress against the approved schedule and the determination of its impact. [D01331]

JN

 PMK87
Progress Bar
On the Gantt Chart, a bar that shows how much of the task has been completed. [D01332]

JN

 MSP98
Progress Date
The date used in order to calculate the progress of the project. All estimates to complete or remaining durations should be assessed in accordance with the Progress Date.
Editor's Note: Also know as "As-of-Date", "Data Date" and "Time Now". [D03908]

JN
CHMT

 PNG
Progress Draw
See Progress Payment [D01334]

GJ
CHMT

  
Progress Line
A visual representation of the progress of a project, displayed on the Gantt Chart. For a given progress date, the progress line connects in-progress tasks, thereby creating a graph on the Gantt Chart with peaks pointing to the left for work that is behind schedule and peaks pointing to the right for work that is ahead of schedule. The distance of a peak from the vertical line indicates the degree to which the task is ahead of or behind schedule at the progress date. [D01333]

N
CHMT

 MSP98
Progress Measurement
Measurement of the current amount of work completed for purposes of assessing progress of the project or contract, as well as for determining payments due under contract agreements. [D03018]

N
CH

 RMW
Progress Milestones
Those project milestones identified as the basis for making Progress Payments. [D03190]

N
CHMT

 RMW
Progress Payment
Payment made to the contractor by the customer during the course of the project, rather than at the end of the project, the terms of which are specified in the contract. [D01338]

GJ
CHMT

 SPM p304-9
A payment in response to an invoice submitted by a construction contractor, requesting payment for work completed, or otherwise progress to a specific date. The invoice should be supported by the supervising Consultant's Progress Payment Certificate.
Editor's Note: The term 'Claim' should be reserved for a contractor's request for additional payment beyond the contract amount, and not be used to refer to regular billings for work carried out as part of the accepted scope of work within the contract amount. [D01335]

J
C

 CCCP
Interim payment for delivered work in accordance with contract terms generally tied to meeting specified performance milestones. [D01336]

J
CHMT

 PMK87
One of a number of payments made to a contractor during the life of a fixed-price type contract, on the basis of some pre-agreed formula. [D01337]

GJ

 WST
Progress Payments
Payments made by a buyer to a seller under a fixed-price contract based on some agreed measure of achievement to date. [D05430]

GJ
CHMT

 RMW
Progress Report
A regular report to senior personnel, sponsors or stakeholders summarizing the progress of a project including key events, milestones, costs and other issues.
Editor's Note: Progress Reports tend to focus on historic data, whereas what recipients really want to know: What are the latest projections of final cost and completion? [D04477]

GJ
CHMT

 APM
Report showing current status usually in relation to planned status for a given period. [D01339]

GJ

 NPMT
Progress Reporting
The collection of information on work done compared to the work planned to be done. [D01340]

GJ

 RMW
Progress Trend
An indication of whether the progress rate of an activity or of a project is increasing, decreasing, or remaining the same (steady) over a period of time. [D01341]

GJ

 PMK87
Progressive Acquisition ("PA")
A strategy to acquire a large and complex system that is expected to change over its lifecycle. The final system is obtained by upgrades of system capability through a series of operational increments. PA aims to minimize many of the risks associated with the length and size of the development, as well as requirements volatility and evolution of technology.
Editor's Note: See also Acquisition. [D05160]

N
T

 RUP
Project
A novel undertaking or systematic process to create a new product or service the delivery of which signals completion. Projects involve risk and are typically constrained by limited resources. [D01353]

FGJN
CHMT

 RMW 1998
A process for conducting work that produces a new product of one sort or another. [D01342]

GJ

 RMW 1997
A process or undertaking that encompasses an entire set of activities having a definable starting point and well defined objectives the delivery of which signal the completion of the project. Projects are usually required to be accomplished within limited resources. [D01343]

GJ

 CCCP
A set of activities directed to an overall goal. Also, the collection of data relating to the achievement of that goal. More specifically, a network of activities, or file(s) containing such a network. [D01344]

GJ

 WST
A temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product or service. [D01345]

GJ

 PMK96
A unique venture with a beginning and an end, undertaken by people to meet established goals within defined constraints of time, resources, and quality. [D01346]

GJ

 OTOB p6
An endeavor in which human, material and financial resources are organized in a novel way, to undertake a unique scope of work of given specification, within constraints of cost and time, so as to achieve unitary, beneficial change, through delivery of quantified and qualitative objectives. [D01347]

GJ

 011
An organized undertaking utilizing human and physical resources, done once, to accomplish a specific goal, which is normally defined by a Triple Constraint.
Editor's Note: Triple Constraint, i.e. Performance, Time and Cost, is an obsolete construct now considered inadequate to convey project objectives and constraints in today's real world. [D01348]

GJ

 SPM p304-9
An organized undertaking, limited in time to achieve specific objectives. [D01349]

GJ

 NPMT
Any temporary, organized effort that creates a one-time product, service, process, or plan.
Editor's Note: "Temporary" suggests that the project's duration is at the whim of management irrespective of product delivery. "Transient" might be a better word. [D01350]

GJ

 PMMJ97 p1
Any undertaking that has a defined objective, a cost parameter, and a time element for its development. A cluster of activities that are pulled together to deliver something of value to a customer. [D01351]

GJ

 003 p8
Any undertaking with a defined starting point and defined objectives by which completion is identified. In practice most projects depend on finite or limited resources by which the objectives are to be accomplished. [D01352]

GJ

 PMK87
A unique, novel and transient endeavor undertaken to achieve novel objectives and involving considerable risk and uncertainty. [D02619]

GJ

 023
A systematic process for achieving a distinct objective. The "system" consists of a period of planning followed by a period of "doing", and this system is repeated at every level of detail. These two "periods" are the genesis of the project life span. Project management is the process of managing the project process. [D03426]

GJ

 RMW
A one-time effort to accomplish an explicit objective by a specific time. Each project is unique although similar projects may exist. Like the individual activity, the project has a distinguishable start and finish and a time frame for completion. Each activity in the project will be monitored and controlled to determine its impact on other activities and projects. [D03604]

GJ

 PMST
A temporary management environment which is created in order to achieve a particular business objective through the control and co-ordination of logistical and technical resources. [D03909]

GJ

 PNG
A unique set of coordinated activities, with definite starting and finishing points, undertaken by an individual or organization to meet specific objectives within defined time, cost and performance parameters. See also BS ISO 10006. [D04589]

GJ

 APM
BS
Projects are performed by people, constrained by limited resources, and planned, executed, and controlled. A project is a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product or service. Temporary means that every project has a definite beginning and a definite ending. Unique means that the product or service is different in some distinguishing way from all similar products and services. Projects are often critical components of the performing organizations' business strategy. [D04751]

GJ

 RUP
A human endeavor legitimately regarded by its stakeholders as a project (because) it encompasses a unique scope of work that is constrained by cost and time (and) the purpose of which is to create or modify a product or service to achieve beneficial change defined by quantitative and qualitative objectives. [D05066]

GJ

 043
A structure to complete a specific defined deliverable or set of deliverables. A project has a specific begin date and end date, specific objectives and specific resources assigned to perform the work. A project manager has overall responsibility and authority over a project. When the objectives are met, the project is considered complete. [D05067]

GJ

 TM
A unique set of coordinated activities, with definite starting and finishing points, undertaken by an individual or organization to meet specific objectives within a defined schedule of cost and performance parameters.
Editor's Note: However desirable this might be, we think it possible that a project could be undertaken without either schedule or cost parameters, or both. [D05068]

GJ

 057
Any organized business activity where an investment is made. It most commonly refers to the work of creating and operating a physical asset, such as a bridge or a building. However, it need not involve the creation of a new physical asset at all, for example if a company launches a new product which has been manufactured by existing assets. The project extends over the whole investment life-cycle of activity, not just the initial phases while the investment is being made.
Editor's Note: This definition is unfortunate in that practitioner consensus holds that a project and its life cycle or life span is concluded upon the delivery and transfer of the product to the customer or user and does not encompass the whole investment period. This latter is typically referred to as the "product" life cycle. [D05069]

GJ

 RAMP
An undertaking that is focused on acquiring a specific product. The product may include hardware, software, and services. Typically, a project has its own funding, cost accounting, and delivery schedule. [D05204]

GJ

 SA-CMM
A temporary organization in a management environment created for the purpose of delivering one or more business products according to a specified business case. A project is a finite process with a definite start and end. Projects always need to be managed in order to be successful. [D05432]

GJ

 PRNC2 2002
The work required to convert an opportunity into an asset. [D05690]

GJ

 070
A means for delivering strategy and beneficial change, e.g. added value, through discrete and unique pieces of work carried out by temporary teams under strict constraints and subject to uncertainty. [D05819]

GJ

 RMW 2004
A set of actions that are focused on an established set of outcomes. [D06133]

GJ

 117
A container for work focused on a unique product. [D06134]

GJ

 116
A mechanism for the acquisition/creation and perhaps implementation of an enabler. [D06135]

GJ

 BRM
A sequence of unique, complex, and connected activities having one goal or purpose that must be completed by a specific time, within budget, and according to specification. [D06136]

GJ

 114
A structured set of activities concerned with delivering to the enterprise a defined capability based on an agreed schedule and budget. [D06137]

GJ

 115
A time-constrained operation to realize a set of definable deliverables up to quality standards and requirements, the scope of which fulfills the project's objectives. [D06482]

GJ

 IPMA
A whole set of actions limited in time and space, inserted in, and in interaction with, a politico-socio-economic environment, aimed at and tended towards a goal progressively redefined by the dialectic between thought (the project plan) and the reality. [D06483]

GJ

 PMJ Jun 2010, p13
A temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service or result. [D06506]

FGJN
CHMT

 132
Definitions for page P12: 58

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