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Wideman Comparative Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v5.5 is copyright © R. Max Wideman, 2000-2017.

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Last updated 12-22-17

Master Glossary
Free Riding   - to -   Fuzzy Front End
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Term
Definition     Editor's Choice
Cat Source
Free Riding
A situation where some project team members do less work than the others.
Editor's Note: Also known as "Free Loading". [D02641]

JN
CH

 PMH p319
An undesirable condition in which one or more team members does less work than others, typically with malicious intent to take advantage of other team members or the organization. [D02340]

JN
CH

 PMH p319
Free Slack
See Free Float. For a task without successors, free slack is the amount of time the task can be delayed without delaying the finish date of the whole project. [D00737]

N

 MSP98
Freight
Supplies, goods, and transportable property. [D03506]

J
C

 GAT
Frequency
The rate at which something is repeated, typically at short intervals. [D02796]

N

 Webster
Frequency Histogram
A chart showing the number of samples or probability versus the value of the variable. It allows you to analyze the risk associated with a variable. [D06422]

JN

 PrjDec
Frequency of Measure
How often data is to be collected and reported. [D04985]

N

 RMW
Fringe Benefits
See Payroll Burden. [D05649]

JN
CHMT

  
Front End
That part of the project life span that is at the very beginning, or even just before.
Editor's Note: Since there is no unanimity of opinion as to when a project starts, this term is ambivalent. [D02797]

FGJ
CHMT

 RMW
See Concept Phase or Opportunity Phase. [D03437]

FGJ
CHMT

  
Front Loading
An attempt by a performing contractor to provide adequate budgets for the near-term work, but at the expense of the far-term effort which will be under funded. It is an attempt to delay the acknowledgment of a potential cost overrun, in the hope that the contractor may "get well" through changes in the contract statement of work. Front loading is often the result of inadequate or unrealistic negotiated contract target costs.
Editor's Note: Also referred to as Front End Loading. [D04636]

J
CH

 QWF
Frustrated Developer Syndrome ("FDS")
A "disease" that can afflict corporate culture, particularly decision-making, efficiency, and productivity. FDS is a problem because frustrated project team members do not produce good projects. [D06423]

N

 PrjDec
FTC
See Forecast to Completion

JN
C

  
FTP
See File Transfer Protocol

JN
T

  
Full and Open Competition
The process by which all responsible bidders are allowed to compete. [D04100]

JN
CHMT

 CSM
Full Operational Capability
The attainment of specified performance in the operational environment. [D04101]

J
CHMT

 CSM
Full Time
One who works all of the standard time (on a project.) This is distinct from one who must divide their time between two or more projects. [D02798]

N

 RMW
Function
A set of related actions, undertaken by individuals or tools to accomplish a set purpose or end. [D05182]

N

 SA-CMM
The intended or official duty of a person or thing. [D04986]

N

 053
Either:
  1. A process that converts inputs into outputs, or
  2. The purpose of a system or its components.
[D05365]

J
T

 MFC
Function Point Analysis
A top down software development estimating technique which was developed by A.J. Albrecht whilst working for IBM. It entails breaking a project down into "Function Points" which are classified by degrees of complexity. Factors are then applied from which time estimates may be developed. [D03847]

T

 PNG
Function Points
A software attribute that is described by inputs, outputs, master file inquiries, and system interfaces. Used for cost estimation, sizing maintenance, and evaluating enhancements. [D04102]

T

 CSM
Function, project management
The series of processes by which the project objectives in that particular area of project management, e.g. scope, cost, time, etc., are achieved. [D00738]

GJ

 PMK87
Functional Analysis
The graphical representation of system functions in a logical diagram (called a Behavior Diagram.) [D04002]

N
T

 CSM
Functional Breakdown Structure ("FBS")
A WBS organized according to the functions that the customer requires in the assets to be built. [D06424]

N
T

 Costin
Functional Configuration Audit ("FCA")
An engineering audit of a Configuration Item (CI) or system conducted by the Buyer to verify that the performance test results of the "As-built" item are in accordance with the performance specification of the item. The FCA, with the results of the Physical Configuration Audit (PCA), is the decision point to confirm that the design is ready for either integration or replication. [D00739]

N
T

 VPM p291-4
Functional Department Manager
A functional department and project contributor level position responsible for integrating the efforts of project contributors on all projects within their individual department or discipline, primarily through the allocation of resources available within the department to the approved, active portfolio of projects [D04607]

GJ

 038
Functional Line Manager
The person accountable for the competency and the usage of personnel resources committed to the execution of assigned portions of a project. [D03782]

GJ

 SU
Functional Management
The standard departments of a business organization that represent individual disciplines such as engineering, marketing, purchasing, accounting, and so on. [D00740]

F

 OTOB p271-4
Functional Manager ("FM")
The person responsible for the business and technical management of a functional group. [D00742]

F

 WST
A manager responsible for activities in a specialized department or function (e.g., engineering, manufacturing, marketing). [D00741]

F

 PMK96
The person you report to within your functional organization. Typically, they are the person that does your performance review. Your project manager may also be your functional manager, but they do not have to be. If your project manager is different from your functional manager, then your organization is probably using matrix management. [D04987]

GJ

 TM
Functional Matrix
An organizational structure where the project has a team leader in each functional department and the products are passed from one team to the next.
Editor's Note: Sometimes referred to as "Throwing it (the product) over the wall" to the next functional department responsible for the next adding value process. Not recommended in today's global pressure cooker! [D03848]

GJ
HMT

 PNG
Functional Organization
The form of organization in which all people with a particular kind of skill (such as engineering) are grouped in a common department, reporting to a single manager for that particular functional specialty. [D00746]

F

 SPM p304-9
An organization structure in which staff are grouped hierarchically by specialty e.g., production, marketing, engineering, and accounting at the top level; engineering, further divided into mechanical and electrical. [D00744]

F

 PMK96
The hierarchical organization of a staff according to their specialty. [D00745]

F

 WST
Functional Personnel
Those who work for a functional department such as accounting or marketing and, even though they contribute to the work of a project, they are responsible to their functional manager for the quality of their work. [D02799]

FGJ
T

 RMW
Functional Plan, administrative
Plans for marketing, production and inventory, and similar functions that are presented in a matrix organization as they would be in a traditional organization. They are drawn up by the resource managers for their units [D02801]

FG
T

 PMDT
Functional Plan, architectural
In architectural building work, a conceptual layout of a building showing how the total space is allocated to the various activities contemplated within the building. See also Functional Program. [D02800]

FG
T

 RMW
Functional Program
A written description of the needs of the Owner or user that must be fulfilled by a proposed facility. The description generally has a statement of the functions, production capacity and similar criteria. It is a component of the conceptual design. [D00747]

JN
C

 CCCP
Functional Project Leader
A functional department and project contributor level position responsible for integrating the work of all contributors to their specific assigned projects within each of their respective functions. [D04608]

JN
C

 038
Functional Requirements
Contract requirement stated in terms of the objectives that must be achieved under the contract.
Editor's Note: In architectural usage, functional requirements are typically displayed as a Venn diagram showing the various activities within a building and their relationships and the relative areas required. [D03507]

N
C

 GAT
Functional Requirements Document ("FRD")
A document providing a detailed functional definition of all the features listed in the Marketing Requirements Document (MRD). It is essentially the engineering interpretation of the MRD. Also known as Functional Specifications or Product Requirements Document. [D05650]

N
C

 075
Functional Responsibility
An obligation that a Functional Line Manager has accepted from his/her immediate supervisor to manage assigned resources in a designated area, for the purposes of achieving the following objectives:

Resource Competency

Resource Usage

  • Determining and recommending the optimum size and mix of personnel needed to produce the desired results.
  • Assigning tasks and duties to personnel so as to achieve maximum benefits for the organization.
[D03783]

N
C

 SU
Functional Specification
A document specifying in some detail the functions that are required of a system and the constraints that will apply. [D04441]

N
CT

 APM
Functionality
The actions that the project deliverables are, or should be, capable of performing. [D02802]

JN
CHMT

 RMW
The functions to be performed as specified in the project's product requirements (objectives). The functionality will generate revenue, or make savings, which will repay the financing. The value of the functionality is measured by the ratio of the cost of achieving the functionality to the benefit it delivers. [D02621]

JN
CHMT

 023
Function-Quality Integration
The process of actively ensuring that quality plans and programs are integrated, mutually consistent, necessary and sufficient to permit the project team to achieve the defined product quality, [D00748]

JN
CHMT

 PMK87
Fundamental Objectives
Primary project objectives or goals that need to be accomplished during the course of the project. [D06425]

GJ

 PrjDec
Funding
The status of internal fund allocation, or allocation by an external agency, if applicable, to enable payment for the performance of the project scope. The status of internal or external monies available for performing the work. [D00749]

GJ
CHMT

 PMK87
Funding Profile
Time-phased project funding usually displayed in spreadsheet or graphical format. [D04103]

GJ
CHMT

 CSM
An estimate of funding requirements. [D00750]

FGJ
CH

 WST
A projection or forecast of funding requirements. [D05781]

FGJN
HMT

 089 p263
Funds
The availability of money for the specific purpose of conducting the work of a Project, Program, or Portfolio. [D05651]

FGJ
CHMT

 RMW
FURPS
Functionality, Usability, Reliability, Performance, Supportability. Standard headings or categories for assessing product quality: [D04729]

J
T

 RUP
Future Value
The calculation of the value of an asset at some specified time in the future after taking into account the change in value due to interest, appreciation or depreciation over the intervening period. [D02803]

GJ
C

 RMW
Fuzzy Front End
See Front End, especially the Editor's Note. [D02804]

FGJ
CHMT

  
Definitions for page F04: 57

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