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Wideman Comparative Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v5.5 is copyright © R. Max Wideman, 2000-2017.

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Last updated 12-22-17

Master Glossary
Daily Log   - to -   Decision Tree
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Term
Definition     Editor's Choice
Cat Source
Daily Log
A record of jobs to do or to check that others have done, commitments from the author or others, important events, decisions and discussion, and kept by the project manager and any team members. [D05773]

N

 PRNC2 2005
Damages
In contract work, either
  1. Actual - The actual increased cost to one party caused by another party's acts or failure to act, or
  2. Liquidated - The amount of money set forth in the contract as being the liability of the contractor for failure to complete the work by the contract completion date or adjusted contract completion date. It is an estimate of the damages the owner is likely to incur in the event of late completion by the contractor.
    Liquidated damages are typically expressed as a daily rate.
[D04961]

GJ
CHM

 PDG
Dangle
An activity in a network which has neither predecessors nor successors.
Editor's Note: Otherwise referred to as an "Isolated Activity". [D03831]

N

 PNG
Dashboard
A set of metrics collected together and presented graphically to governance bodies on a regular basis and portraying the latest performance status of the part of an organization being observed. [D05774]

FG

 RMW
Data
All recorded information, regardless of form or characteristic. [D02302]

N

 DSMC
Data Application
The development of a data base of risk factors both for the current project and as a matter of historic record. [D00478]

JN
HMT

 PMK87
Data Bank
See Corporate Memory. [D02602]

FGJN
CHMT

  
Data Collection
The gathering and recording of facts, changes and forecasts for reporting and future planning. [D00479]

N

 PMK87
Data Date ("DD")
The calendar date that separates actual (historical) data from scheduled data. [D00480]

N

 PMK87
Data Entry Clerk
Job category identifying personnel responsible for entering data into the computer via terminal or key to disc devices in a predefined manner as part of a processing operation. [D00481]

J
CH

 SPM p304-9
Data Item Description ("DID")
The content outline of a required document. See also Documentation Requirements Description. [D04060]

J
T

 CSM
Data Management
Systems and processes for the manipulation, storage, control and sharing of data. [D05313]

N

 MFC
Data Processing
The conversion, sorting, allocation or otherwise systematic and standard manipulation of project data by computer programming. It speeds results and reduces the staff that would otherwise be required for manual effort. Great care is required to ensure useful output and avoid the counter productive overloading of managers with unnecessary information. See also Systems Analysis. [D03057]

N
T

 CCCP
Data Refinements
Rework or redefinition of logic or data that may have previously been developed in the planning subfunction as required to properly input milestones, restraints, priorities and resources. [D00482]

JN

 PMK87
WST
Data Structure Organization
The logical and systematic arrangement of information elements. [D02603]

N

 RMW
Data Type
The characteristic indicating whether a data item represents a number, date, character string, etc. [D05226]

N

 SU
Database
A repository of data, typically electronic, that can be accessed for reference and/or the composition of reports of various kinds. [D05314]

JN
CHMT

 RMW
A store for various categories of data which can be drawn on to write reports or act as a simple library. [D00483]

N

 CPMUSC p176-8
The component of a software program that stores or organizes project information. [D00484]

N

 MSP98
Any of the following:
  1. A collection of related data stored together with controlled redundancy according to a scheme to serve one or more applications.
  2. All data files stored in the system.
  3. A set of data stored together and managed by a database management system.
[D04817]

N
T

 RUP
Database Administrator ("DBA")
One who maintains and controls access levels to a database. [D04818]

J
HMT

 RUP
Database Management System ("DBMS")
A computer program that manages data by providing the services of centralized control, data independence, and complex physical structures for efficient access, integrity, recovery, concurrency control, privacy, and security. [D04819]

JN

 RUP
Date of Acceptance
The date on which the client agrees to the final acceptance of the project. Commitments against the capital authorization cease at this time. This is an event. [D00485]

GJ
CHMT

 PMK87
Day Work Account
A method of payment for work not included in the scope of the contract that the construction contractor is obliged to perform at the request or direction of the Owner or its agent. Generally, such day work account is paid for on unit-price or cost-plus terms. [D00486]

JN
C

 CCCP
DBA
See Database Administrator

J
HMT

  
DBM
See Dynamic Baseline ModelŠ

N

  
DBMS
See Database Management System

JN

  
DCE
See Distributed Computing Environment

N
T

  
DCF
See Discounted Cash Flow

FGN

  
DD
See Data Date

N

  
De Facto Authority
Influence exercised regardless of formal authority and often derived from such power bases as charisma, expert knowledge, position, or bureaucratic knowledge. Compare with De Jure Authority. [D05963]

FGJ
CHMT

 PMTWG
De facto Standard
A standard that is widely accepted and used but that lacks formal approval by a recognized standards organization. [D05631]

N

 071
De Jure Authority
Influence based on conferment of the "legal" or rightful power to command or act. Compare with De Facto Authority. [D05964]

FGJ
CHMT

 PMTWG
Deactivation Plan
The document that describes the approach and critical processes required to convert the project to the safe, deactivated, or disposed state. It includes methods of shutdown, disposition of records and hardware, security issues, and transition to new or follow-on systems. The plan may include lessons learned, disposition of items of historical interest, environmentally sensitive and hazardous materials issues, etc. [D04061]

FGJ
CHMT

 CSM
Deactivation Procedures
Step-by-step instructions to safely deactivate and dispose of a system. [D04062]

J
C

 CSM
Debriefing
Presentation of a summary of an activity, task or event after it has occurred. [D05315]

GJN
CH

 RMW
In the procurement process, informing bidders about the strengths and weaknesses of their proposal. [D04063]

J
CH

 CSM
Decentralized
The opposite of Centralized. [D02604]

FGN

  
Decision
A conscious allocation of resources for the purpose of achieving some objectives. [D06399]

J
CHMT

 PrjDec
The removal of uncertainty with respect to a course of action for an organization that consumes resources. [D02605]

N

 PMDT
Decision Documentation
The recording of the terms and results of a decision and the assumptions and reasoning behind the decision. [D02606]

J
CHMT

 RMW
Decision Event
State in the progress of a project when a decision is required before the start of any succeeding activity.
Note The decision determines which of a number of alternative paths is to be followed. [D04423]

GJN
CHMT

 APM
BS
Decision Framing
A step in the decision analysis process that helps decision-makers identify potential problems or opportunities, assess business situations, determine success criteria and identify uncertainties. [D06400]

N

 PrjDec
Decision Making
Analyzing a problem to identify viable solutions and then making a choice among them. [D05965]

GJN

 PMTWG
The process of arriving at a decision. [D02607]

N

 RMW
Decision Making Process
The sequence of decisions made as a part of the project life cycle (span). [D00487]

N

 NPMT
Decision Policy
A set of principles or preferences used for selecting alternatives. Risk policy is a component of decision policy. [D06401]

JN

 PrjDec
Decision Support System
A sophisticated computer program to assist managers in making decisions. It may include simulation programs, mathematical programming routines, and decision rules. [D00488]

N

 OTOB p271-4
Decision Theory
A technique for helping to reach decisions under uncertainty and risk. All decisions are based to some extent on uncertain forecasts. Given the criteria selected by the decision maker, Decision Theory points to the best possible course whether or not the forecasts are accurate. For example, used to determine the best product capacity level for a project. [D03058]

N

 CCCP
Decision Tree
A graphical representation of a decision making methodology that compares the values/costs of different scenarios in terms of expected values based on probability. The values arrived at are for comparative purposes only. [D02608]

JN

 RMW
A graphical representation of the decision process. Sequential decisions are drawn in the form of the branches of a tree, stemming from an initial decision point and extending all the way to the final outcomes. Each path through the branches of the tree represents a separate series of decisions and probabilistic events. [D02609]

N

 PMDT
A method of displaying a whole network of decisions in a logical sequence. Consequent decisions appear like the branches of a tree. When the probability of a given outcome of each decision is also shown, it becomes possible to select the best course of action. See also Network Branching. [D03059]

N

 CCCP
Definitions for page D00: 52

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