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Wideman Comparative Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v5.5 is copyright © R. Max Wideman, 2000-2017.

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Last updated 12-22-17

Master Glossary
Actual Finish Date   - to -   Allocation
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Term
Definition     Editor's Choice
Cat Source
Actual Finish Date ("AF")
The date work actually ended on an activity.
Editor's Note: In some application areas, the activity is considered "finished" when work is "substantially complete". [D00059]

N

 PMK96
The calendar date that work actually ended on an activity. It must be prior to or equal to the data date. The remaining duration of this activity is zero. [D00060]

N

 PMK87
Actual Start
Date on which an activity was started. [D00061]

N

 WST
Actual Start Date ("AS")
The calendar date work actually began on an activity. It must be prior to or equal to the data date. [D00063]

N

 PMK87
The date work actually started on an activity. [D00062]

N

 PMK96
ACWP
See Actual Cost of Work Performed

N

  
Adaptation
Something that has been made to fit.
Editor's Note: The implication is that it is not exactly as specified. See also Workaround. [D02360]

CHM

 RMW
Adaptive Project Management
A process of constant learning, feedback, and improvement to the project management process. It is based on five main principles:
  1. Combine original assumptions and actual project data through quantitative analysis
  2. Minimize the cost of a decision reversal
  3. Use an iterative approach to decision-making
  4. Have a supportive organizational culture
  5. Identify and resolve issues as early as possible
  6. [D06364]

N

 PrjDec p258
Added Value
The addition of some worthwhile quality or performance improvement as a result of some action taken, which may or may not have been part of the original understanding, agreement or contract. [D02558]

FGJN

 RMW
Addendum
See procurement addendum. [D00066]

JN
CHMT

  
Adequacy
The extent that an item or action is sufficient for the purpose.
Editor's Note: The implication of this term is that it is not the ideal solution. [D02361]

N

 RMW
Adjourning
The last stage of Team Building where the team disbands. [D03587]

N

 PNG
Adjustment
An action to make something fit a predetermined requirement or condition. An adjustment may apply to physical parts or to data such as a cost estimate. [D02362]

JN
CHM

 RMW
ADM
See Arrow Diagram Method

N

  
ADM Project
Non-hierarchical project that uses the arrow diagramming method. [D00067]

JN

 WST
Administration
That part of the organization responsible for, or the act of, directing and managing the activities of the organization, program, project or major work package. [D02771]

FGJ
CHMT

 RMW
Administrative
See Administrative Management. [D02363]

F

  
Administrative Change
A change to a contract changing only incidental management aspects and not affecting the amount of contract work. [D05244]

FGJN
CHMT

 RMW
A unilateral contract modification, in writing, that does not affect the substantive rights of the parties (e.g., a change in the paying office or the appropriation data). [D03795]

FGJ
CHMT

 GAT
Administrative Closure
Generating, gathering, and disseminating information to formalize phase or project completion. [D05549]

FGJ
CHMT

 PMK00
Administrative Management
Management that operates in the public trust, such as national, regional or local government administrations. Designed to survive indefinitely, the intended goal is to provide an environment acceptable to its constituents for their survival, prosperity and comfort. [D00068]

F

 CCCP
ADP
See Automated Data Processing

N
T

  
ADR
See Alternative Dispute Resolution

C

  
Advanced Material Release ("AMR")
A document used by organizations to initiate the purchase of long-lead-time or time-critical materials prior to the final release of a design. [D00069]

N

 WST
AF
See Actual Finish Date

N

  
AFE
See Application for Expenditure

GJ
CHMT

  
See Authority for Expenditure

GJ
CHMT

  
Affect
To make happen, or to cause an effect or change to occur, or has or will result. Typically used to identify secondary impacts as a result of a primary change. [D02364]

N

 RMW
Affected Parties
Those who have been, or will be, impacted by a change. [D02365]

FGJ
CHMT

 RMW
Affordability
A measure of whether the buyer has the means to meet the projected cost. [D05245]

GJ
CHMT

 RMW
Agency
A legal relationship by which one party is empowered to act on behalf of another party. [D00071]

FG

 PMK87
Agenda
A list of things to be done or discussed, typically at a meeting.
Editor's Note: No project meeting should be convened without the prior circulation of an Agenda. This enables attendees to prepare and ensure a productive and time-effective meeting. [D02366]

N

 RMW
Aggregation
Summation of parts. Typically used in reference to estimating. [D02367]

N
CHM

 RMW
An association that models a whole-part relationship between an aggregate (the whole) and its parts. [D04800]

N
T

 RUP
Agile Project Management
A conceptual framework for undertaking projects. Originally conceived for software development projects, the agile approach has become a family of methods used in different industries where iterative development is feasible. [D06365]

J

 PrjDec p258
Agility
The ability of an organization to adapt and react expeditiously and appropriately to changes in its environment and to demands imposed by the environment. [D05159]

J
T

 RUP
Agreement
Harmony of opinion or feeling; a contract or promise. [D04321]

JN
CHM

 MEMOPT
A term often used to refer to contracts between an owner and its professional consultants. [D00072]

FGJ
CHM

 CCCP
Concurrence of facts or approach, but not acceptance of meeting all requirements. [D03979]

N

 CSM
Agreement, legal
See Legal Agreement. [D05755]

JN
CHM

  
ALAP
See As-Late-As-Possible

N

  
Algorithm
A formula or well-defined set of steps with a clear stopping point used to solve a particular problem. [D06366]

N

 SU
A particular mathematical model used for running calculations, typically computerized. For example, different project management scheduling software programs use different Algorithms for calculating Resource Leveling. [D02368]

N

 RMW
Alignment
The bringing of separate parts into line. This may refer to physical parts or to notional parts such as goals and objectives. [D02369]

N
CHM

 RMW
Alliance
An agreement to act jointly. See Partnering. [D02370]

GJ
CHM

 RMW
Allocated Baseline
Requirements allocated to lower level system elements that are controlled by formal change control. [D03980]

N

 CSM
Allocated Costs
Costs that are apportioned to a specific function. [D05247]

N

 CSM
Allocated Requirements
Requirements apportioned to the elements of a system by applying applicable knowledge and experience. Determination of allocated requirements is not as scientifically rigorous as determination of derived requirements. [D03981]

N

 CSM
Allocation
The process of allocating work on an activity to specific Resources. [D03588]

FGJN

 PNG
See also Resource Allocation. [D00074]

N

  
The percentage of a resource's capacity designated for a specific assignment. [D04909]

JN

 042
Definitions for page A03: 51

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