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Wideman Comparative Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v5.5 is copyright © R. Max Wideman, 2000-2017.

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Last updated 12-22-17

Master Glossary
Discrimination   - to -   Dynamic Classification
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Term
Definition     Editor's Choice
Cat Source
Discrimination
(Non-discrimination) The requirements imposed on the organization and the procedures implemented by the organization to assure fairness in hiring and promotion practices. [D00545]

N

 PMK87
Discussion
Dialogue explaining implications and impacts on objectives. The elaboration and description of facts, findings and alternatives. [D00546]

N

 PMK87
Dispersion
The degree to which the scatter of a statistical data population spreads away from the mean as measured by the variance. [D06409]

N

 Costin
Display
A pictorial, verbal, written, tabulated or graphical means of transmitting findings, results and conclusions. [D00547]

N

 PMK87
Disposal of Materials
The getting rid of, usually by sale, of surplus materials no longer required for a project. Usually conducted only at the end of a project or major activity. [D02671]

GJN
CH

 RMW
Dispute
Disagreements not settled by mutual consent which could be decided by litigation or arbitration. [D00548]

N

 PMK87
Disruption
A major interference with the orderly progress of a project or major activity. Usually on the part of a group or individuals who are dissatisfied with conditions as they are. [D02672]

N

 RMW
Disruptive
Individuals or forces with potential for or actually causing disruption. [D02673]

N

 RMW
Disruptive Technology
An emerging technology that promises to displace and eventually replace an existing and maturing technology. [D06410]

N

 Costin
Dissemination
The distribution of information to as many people as possible. [D02674]

N

 RMW
Distinguishing Constraint
A dummy which distinguishes two activities which may have the same start and finish dates. [D00549]

GJN
CHMT

 CPMUSC p176-8
Distributed
The results of allocation, division or otherwise spreading around of components such as allocable project overhead costs to their respective activities, or other information such as memos and directives to the parties concerned. [D02675]

N

 RMW
Distributed Computing Environment ("DCE")
An environment in which software function and data is distributed across multiple computing resources connected on a local area network (LAN) or wide area network (WAN) [D04826]

N
T

 RUP
Distributed Processing
An application or systems model in which function and data can be distributed across multiple computing resources connected on a LAN or WAN. See client/server computing. [D04827]

N
T

 RUP
Distribution List
A list of people receiving information for a particular purpose [D00824]

N

 SU
Distribution of Minutes
The circulation to meeting attendees of a record of their discussion, conclusions and action items. [D02676]

FGJ
CHMT

 RMW
Distribution, of information
The dissemination of information for the purpose of communication, approval or decision-making. [D00550]

FGJ
CHMT

 PMK87
Diversity
Difference, distinctness, variety. [D02677]

N

 Webster
Document
Any record of information stored either as hard copy or electronically required as an input or an output of a project management process. See also Document Control. [D05636]

GJN

 RMW
Any official or authoritative record containing instructions, information, evidence, facts and the like that can be stored permanently either on paper or electronically. [D02678]

N

 Webster
Document Control
A system for controlling and executing project documentation in a uniform and orderly fashion. [D00551]

JN
CHMT

 PMK87
All documents, whether electronic or hard copy, need to be uniquely identifiable. In most cases, it is also necessary to track the changes that occur to the document and record its distribution throughout the document's development and subsequent revision(s). Document control includes:
[D05323]

FG
CHM

 TGPM
Document Management
The orderly and appropriate organization, distribution, storage and retrieval of project documents. [D02679]

GJN
CHMT

 RMW
See Information Management. [D03778]

FGJ
CHMT

  
Documentary
A display of documented information typically in multi-media format. [D02680]

N

 RMW
Documentation
The collection of reports, user information and references for distribution and retrieval, displays, back-up information and records pertaining to the project. [D00553]

GJ
CHMT

 PMK87
Any kind of written report, including such items as final reports, spare parts lists, instruction manuals, test plans, program code itself, all life cycle milestone documents, project history, and similar project information. [D00552]

N

 SPM p304-9
All the data, information, knowledge and wisdom accrued during the project life span, especially that which concerns project configuration and changes and all the management documents. Documentation should be supported by a documentation system that specifies the kinds of documents needed for the project, where each kind of document is "fit for its purpose". For each kind of document, the system should also specify: the information that the document contains, the format of that information such as narratives, charts, source code, etc., and the form of the document such as paper, film or electronic. [D06411]

N

 IPMA
Documentation Change Notice
A notification of change to holders of controlled documentation. [D04079]

N

 CSM
Documentation Requirements Description ("DRD")
Formerly Data Item Description. The required content of a document. [D04080]

N

 CSM
Dog and Pony Show
A project briefing which uses a number of viewgraphs, slides, flip charts, or similar aids, usually with a view to persuading the audience to a particular point of view. [D02310]

N

 RMW
Domain
An area of knowledge or activity characterized by a family of related systems. [D04828]

FGJN
CHMT

 RUP
A grouping of related items within a certain area of interest. [D05637]

N

 071
DRD
See Documentation Requirements Description

N

  
Driver
Some internal or external pressure or opportunity that is stimulating or driving the need for change. [D05977]

N

 BRM
DU
See Duration

JN
CH

  
Dual Concern Model
A graphical display in which the five negotiating strategies are plotted with "Concern about Own Outcomes" (X-axis) against "Concern for Other Side's Outcomes" (Y-axis). [D02736]

N

 PMH p345
Dual Responsibility
The acceptance of functional responsibility from one person and project responsibility from another. [D03781]

N

 SU
Due Diligence
Reasonable steps taken by a person in order to satisfy a legal requirement, especially in buying or selling something. [D06412]

N

 wiki
Dummy
An activity denoting a dependency, but not an action. [D00554]

JN
CH

 NPMT
Dummy Activity
In an activity on arrow network, an activity representing no actual work to be done but required for reasons of logic or nomenclature.
Note: There are three uses for a dummy activity in "activity-on-arrow network":
  1. Logic
  2. Time delay, and
  3. Uniqueness.
[D04427]

JN
CH

 APM
BS
An activity in a network diagram that requires no work, but signifying a precedence condition only. [D00555]

JN
CH

 SPM p304-9
An activity of zero duration used to show a logical relationship in the arrow diagramming method. Dummy activities are used when logical relationships cannot be completely described with regular activity arrows. Dummies are shown graphically as a dashed line headed by an arrow. [D00556]

N

 PMK96
An activity, always of zero duration, used to show logical dependency when an activity cannot start before another is complete, but which does not lie on the same PATH through the network. Normally, these dummy activities are graphically represented as a dashed line headed by an arrow. [D00557]

N

 PMK87
Duration ("DU")
The length of time needed to complete an activity. [D00560]

JN
CH

 WST
Either
  1. The number of time units (not including holidays or other non-working periods) required to complete an activity or other project element. Usually expressed as work days or work weeks, or
  2. Calendar elapsed time.
[D00558]

N

 PMK96
The calendar time it takes to create a deliverable. [D02196]

N

 PMMJ97
The actual amount of time that passes before a task is done. Duration equals work divided by resource effort. [D04970]

N

 042
The planned or actual elapsed time between two events, e.g. between the start and finish of an activity, between two milestones or the whole project. Duration may be measured in units of calendar time, or project calendar time. It can be misleading to measure it in days worked on an activity since calendar and working time may pass with no production. It is totally wrong to measure duration in man-hours or man-days which are units of work, not time. [D04971]

JN
CH

 040
Duration Calculation
The calculation of time required to complete an activity. [D02681]

N

 RMW
Duration Compression
Shortening the project schedule without reducing the project scope. Duration compression is not always possible and often requires an increase in project cost. [D00559]

N

 PMK96
Duty and Tax Administration
Action taken to legally minimize duties and taxes applicable to the goods/services supplied. [D00561]

N

 PMK87
Dynamic Baseline Model© ("DBM")
A conceptual model framework for:
  1. Exploring the evolution of project management behaviors
  2. Establishing realistic levels of project complexity and expectations, and
  3. Providing a linkage, or matching, between the behavior and the project complexity level.
The model provides the context for discussion and asking the right questions to address the courses of action necessary for improving performance and for identifying learning requirements appropriate to the type of project. [D04369]

N

 033
Dynamic Classification
A semantic variation of generalization in which an object may change type or role. Contrast: static classification. [D04829]

N
T

 RUP
Definitions for page D05: 54

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