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Wideman Comparative Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v5.5 is copyright © R. Max Wideman, 2000-2017.

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Last updated 12-22-17

Master Glossary
Clarification   - to -   Commissioning
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Term
Definition     Editor's Choice
Cat Source
Clarification
As a contractual term, refers to communication between a buyer and a seller to eliminate minor irregularities or apparent clerical errors in a proposal. [D04019]

GJ
CHMT

 CSM
Class
A grouping of artifacts, e.g. documents, that all have the same status or nature. [D06301]

N
T

 Webster
A description of a set of objects that share the same attributes, operations, methods, relationships, and semantics. A class may use a set of interfaces to specify collections of operations it provides to its environment. See Interface. [D04810]

N
T

 RUP
In project portfolio management, a document label that represents the progress of a portfolio component through the portfolio life cycle, e.g. Value Proposition; Business Case; Project Charter; Execution Performance Report; or similar documentation. [D05934]

N
T

 PPM
Classes
A grouping of elements according to some criteria, e.g. Cost Classes [D02465]

JN
CHMT

 RMW
Classification
The bringing together into classes of elements that are similar such as the grouping of costs, samples, tests, types of work, etc. [D02466]

JN
CHMT

 RMW
Classification of Defects
The enumeration of possible defects of the unit of product, classified according to their seriousness. Defects will normally be grouped into the classes of critical, major or minor; however, they may be grouped into other classes, or into subclasses within these classes. [D00231]

JN
CHMT

 MIL-STD p105
QMPP
Clearance Number
Is the number of successively inspected units which must be found free of defects concerned before a certain action to change the inspection procedure can be taken, [D00232]

N

 USDoD
QMPP
Client
The person or organization for whom a Project, Program or Portfolio is implemented.
Editor's Note: In some environments, e.g. in Information Technology, the term "Client" is reserved for internal recipients of the products of projects, while "Customer" is used to refer to those recipients who are external to the organization producing the product, i.e. typically under contract. [D00233]

FGJN
CHMT

 NPMT
The party to a contract who commissions the work and pays for it on completion. [D04401]

FGJ
CHMT

 APM
The party (or parties) sponsoring the project or program. [D04943]

FGJ
CHMT

 RAMP
In project portfolio management, the recipient of the product from a project or "Other Work" for whom it is being undertaken; who will be responsible for product acceptance; and who will deploy the product, harvest the benefits and feed results back to the portfolio management function. [D05935]

FN
MT

 PPM
Client Environment
The conditions under which a client operates, such as the social factors found within the organization. [D02467]

N

 RMW
Client Quality Services
The process of creating a two-way feedback system to define expectations, opportunities and anticipated needs. [D00234]

N

 PMK87
Closed Projects
Projects that have either been completed, or abandoned, and may no longer have expenditures or credits charged to them. [D02468]

FGJN
CHMT

 RMW
Closeout
The completion of all work on a project.
Editor's Note: See also Transfer of Care, Custody and Control. [D00235]

GJN
CHMT

 WST
The completion of project work once the project has been implemented. The phase at the end of the project's life span just before operations starts using the deliverables.
Editor's Note: In construction, this period is often called Startup since this refers to the startup of the facility. Otherwise, it refers to the closing out of all obligations and documentation. [D03809]

GJN
CHMT

 PNG
Closeout Report
Documentation of the Closeout process. See Project Closeout. [D02469]

GJN
CHMT

 RMW
Closeout, phase
See Project, Program or Portfolio Closeout. [D00236]

GJ
CHMT

 PMK87
Closing
The process of terminating the bidding process. [D02470]

N

 RMW
Closure
The formal end point of a Project, Program or Portfolio, either because it has been completed or because it has been terminated early. [D04402]

GJN
CHMT

 APM
The bringing to an end, finish or conclusion, typically in discussions or debates. [D02471]

N

 RMW
Cloud Computing
The delivery of computing as a service rather than a product, whereby shared resources, software, and information are provided to computers and other devices as a utility over a network, typically the Internet.
Editor's Note: For example, somewhat similar to public utility services, software is accessed via your Internet browser, rather than running the software locally on your own computer. [D06554]

N

 wiki
CM
See Configuration Management

GJN
MT

  
See Construction Management

GJN
C

  
CMM
See Capability Maturity Model

FGN

  
CO
See Change Order

JN
CH

  
Coaching
The process of assisting people to improve their performance. [D02472]

N

 RMW
COBIT
See Control Objectives for Information and related Technology

J
T

  
Code
A referencing system typically applied to the elements of a work breakdown structure. Alternatively, the results of programming software. [D02473]

N
CHMT

 RMW
See also Source Code. [D04022]

N
T

 CSM
Code and Unit Test
The activities of writing software and performing the initial test. [D04020]

N
T

 CSM
Code of Accounts
Any numbering system used to uniquely identify each element of the work breakdown structure. See also Chart of Accounts. [D00238]

JN
CHMT

 PMK96
A standard breakdown of expenses. [D00237]

N

 NPMT
Once the project has been divided into the WBS work packages, a code or numbering system is assigned to the cost data for cost monitoring, control, reports, tax class separations and for forecasting purposes. [D00239]

N

 PMK87
The framework of codes or numbers which are each assigned to major work categories for the purpose of tax class separation, cost control, reporting and forecasting. [D04944]

N

 SCL
Coding
The process of applying a code, typically to the elements of a breakdown structure. [D02474]

JN
CH

 RMW
The assignment and use of code numbers for each project activity to facilitate control and reporting. [D04945]

N

 SCL
Cognitive Bias
A bias that is introduced by the way people process information. It is a mental error or a distortion in the way humans perceive reality. [D06381]

N

 PrjDec
Collaboration
Working together, cooperation. [D02475]

N
HMT

 RMW
A process of maximizing both cooperative and assertive behavior to satisfy two parties in conflict with one another. [D02476]

N

 PMDT
Collapsing
In an outline, hiding the tasks that are subordinate to summary tasks, leaving only the summary tasks visible. [D00240]

N

 MSP98
Collective
Gathered into a group, aggregate. [D02477]

N

 RMW
Co-location
The physical location together of a team of people working on all or part of a project. The effect is to improve communication and coordination, but does not necessarily improve productivity. [D05617]

JN
CHMT

 RMW
Combative
Disposed to fight, pugnacious. An aggressive style of management. [D02478]

N

 RMW
Commercial
The financial arrangements associated with the exchange of goods and services. [D02479]

N

 RMW
Commercial Item Description
Specifications and other documentation that describe commercial products or services. [D04023]

JN
C

 CSM
Commercial Off-the-Shelf ("COTS")
An item sold, leased, or licensed to the public; offered by a vendor trying to profit from it; ... available in multiple, identical copies; and used without modification of the internals. [D05558]

JN
T

 068
Commission and Handover
The completion, testing and transfer of a facility to the "Care, custody and control" of the operators. See also Commissioning. [D02480]

J
C

 RMW
Commissioning
Advancement of an installation from the stage of static completion to full working order and achievement of the specified operational requirements. [D04403]

JN
CH

 APM
BS
Activities performed for the purpose of substantiating the capability of the project to function as designed. [D00241]

J
C

 PMK87
The start-up of an operation after construction work is complete. Usually the responsibility and costs fall to operations and so these costs are not included in the project budget. [D04946]

JN
CH

 SCL
Definitions for page C03: 52

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