Copyright
Wideman Comparative Wideman Comparative Glossary of Common Project Management Terms v5.5 is copyright © R. Max Wideman, 2000-2017.

Please feel free to point to this document. For non-profit purposes you may copy this page provided the above copyright notice is attached. For inclusion in for-profit works, please contact the author at maxw@maxwideman.com

Last updated 12-22-17

Master Glossary
Critical Subcontractor   - to -   Cycle Time
***  prev

Term
Definition     Editor's Choice
Cat Source
Critical Subcontractor
A contractor or supplier performing a decisive portion of a project which generally requires close oversight, control, and reporting. Critical subcontractors are designated as a result of customer negotiation or by management direction. [D04630]

J
CHM

 QWF
Critical Success Factor ("CSF")
Something that needs to be in place to achieve a project objective. Factors that focus on the value in deliverables or end results.
Editor's Note: This definition is in the context of corporate management rather than project management. See also Key Performance Indicators. [D06396]

VFGJ
CHMT

 113
Critical Success Factors ("CSF")
Those measurable factors, listed in order of importance, that when present in the project's environment are most conducive to the achievement of a successful project. Examples include: Project objectives aligned with corporate mission; Top management support; A culture of open communication, etc. See also Key Success Indicators (KSIs)
Editor's Note: In general, CSFs are those factors in the project's environment that cannot be influenced directly by the project manager. [D00462]

FGJN
CHMT

 PMGdLns
The key factors which are deemed critical to the success of the project. The nature of these factors will govern the response to conflicts, risks and the setting of priorities. [D03827]

J
CH

 PNG
Critical Task
A task that must finish on time for the entire project to finish on time. If a critical task is delayed, the project completion date is also delayed. A critical task has zero slack time. A series of critical tasks make up the project’s critical path. [D00463]

J
CH

 MSP98
Critical Work Item
See Critical Activity [D00442]

JN
CH

  
Criticality Index
A measure of how often an activity appears on the critical path during a Monte Carlo simulation [D03828]

JN
C

 PNG
Used in risk analysis, the criticality index represents the percentage of simulation trails that resulted in the activity being placed on the critical path. [D00464]

N

 WST
Cross Organizational
Across the hierarchy of a line organization. [D00376]

N

 NPMT
Cross References
An annotation signifying a connection to another item elsewhere. [D02594]

N

 RMW
Cross-Stage Plan
A detailed plan showing activities that span more than one stage in the project life span. [D03829]

N

 PNG
CSCI
See Computer Software Configuration Item

JN
T

  
CSF
See Critical Success Factors

FGJN
CHMT

  
See Critical Success Factor

VFGJ
CHMT

  
CTC
See Contract Target Cost

J
CHM

  
CTP
See Contract Target Price

J
CHM

  
CTR
See Cost-Time Resource Sheet

N

  
Culture
In project management, the combined effect of the values, beliefs, attitudes, traditions, and behaviors of the members of a group, e.g. a project team. [D05960]

N

 PMTWG
The integrated pattern of human knowledge, belief, and behavior that depends upon people’s capacity for learning and transmitting knowledge to succeeding generations.
Editor's Note: See also Social Factors. [D00465]

N

 PMK87
A person's attitudes arising out of their professional, religious, class, educational, gender, age and other backgrounds. [D02628]

N

 023
The framework that provides people with their identity. [D04957]

N

 047
Socially transmitted behavior patterns, beliefs, work habits, and thoughts. [D05309]

N

 MFC
A set of characteristics that sets one group of people apart from another. [D05959]

N

 101
Culture, organizational
The underlying beliefs, values and principles that serve as a foundation for an organization's management system as well as a set of management practices and behaviors that both exemplify and reinforce those basic principles. See also Governance. [D04958]

VFN

 049
Cumulative Cost-to-Date
See Total Expenditure to Date. [D02595]

GJ
CHMT

  
Cumulative Probability
The probability that the project's final cost or duration will be equal to or less than a given value. [D05630]

N

 070
Cumulative S Curve
See S Curve. [D02598]

FGJN
CHMT

  
Currency Conversion
The exchange of one international currency for another. Most rates of conversion fluctuate daily and impact the final cost of imported or exported goods supplied to a project unless the price is tied to a particular currency by prior agreement. [D02599]

N

 RMW
Current Budget
The current approved allocation of funds to budgetary accounts on a project. [D06397]

GJN
CHMT

 Costin
That valid budget at a point in time. [D00466]

N

 NPMT
Current Date Line
A vertical line in a Gantt Chart or Resource Graph indicating the current date. [D00467]

JN
C

 MSP98
Current Estimate
An estimate of the expenditures as they will actually be incurred over time. [D06398]

GJ
CHMT

 Costin
Current Finish Date
The current estimate of the calendar date when an activity will be completed. [D00468]

GJ
CHMT

 PMK87
Current FY Budget Allocation
Includes all dollars allocated to the project in the current Financial Year. [D00469]

GJ
CHMT

 PMIS
Current Start Date
The current estimate of the calendar date when an activity will begin. [D00470]

GJ
CHMT

 PMK87
Current Status
A report that compares actual progress with planned progress as of the last reporting date. See also Status Report. [D02600]

GJN
CHMT

 RMW
Current Year
The fiscal year in progress. [D02301]

FG
HMT

 DSMC
Custom Duty and Tax
The levies made by governments on goods being imported across an international border. [D02601]

J
C

 RMW
Customer
The person or group that is/are the recipient(s) of a product or service, the direct beneficiary(ies) of a project's product or service. The people for whom the project is being undertaken.
Editor's Note: The individual, group or organization that receives the project deliverables is not necessarily the user of those deliverables. [D04959]

FGJN
CHMT

 RMW
In project portfolio management, the person or group that commissions a work; takes financial responsibility; and will be responsible for acceptance. [D05961]

FGN
HMT

 PPM
Any person who defines needs or wants, justifies or pays for part or the entire project, or evaluates or uses the results.
Editor's Note: In some environments, e.g. in Information Technology, the term "Customer" is reserved for those recipients who are external recipients of the products of projects, i.e. typically under contract, while "Client" is used to refer to those internal to the organization producing the product. [D00471]

J
HMT

 WST
The ultimate consumer, user, client, beneficiary or second party who will be responsible for acceptance of the project's deliverables.
Editor's Note: It is vitally important for the project manager to find out who is the real customer. [D03487]

J
MT

  
Every project should have a Customer who is responsible for acceptance of deliverables. The role may be external or internal to the organization. [D03830]

JN
T

 PNG
A person or organization, internal or external to the producing organization, who takes financial responsibility for the system. In a large system this may not be the end user. The customer is the ultimate recipient of the developed product and its artifacts. See also stakeholder. [D04712]

GJN
MT

 RUP
The person or group who commissioned the work and will benefit from the end results. [D05311]

J

 PRNC2 2002
Those who will use the project's outputs to generate the targeted (operational) outcomes (benefits).
Editor's Note: Those who will use the project's product(s) are not necessarily those who pay for it and therefore may not be the "customer". [D05312]

J
HMT

 TGPM
Customer Acceptance Criteria
The criteria that the customer will use to determine if he/she is satisfied with the final deliverables. [D02193]

JN

 PMMJ97
Customer Focus
An attitude that always asks the question: "What is right for the customer?" [D05962]

N

 101
Customer Furnished Equipment ("CFE")
Equipment provided to the contractor doing the project by the customer for the project and typically specified in the contract. [D00473]

J
CH

 SPM p304-9
Customer Perspective
The view that displays how the customers are to be satisfied in order to achieve the project or program mission successfully. [D04960]

N

 RMW
Customer Quality Expectations
A statement from the customer of the quality expected from the final product. [D05772]

N

 PRNC2 2005
Customer/Client Personnel
Those individuals working for the organization that will assume responsibility for the product produced by the project when the project is complete. [D00474]

J
CHMT

 PMK87
Cutoff Date
The ending date in a reporting period. [D00475]

N

 WST
Cutover
The event or action that takes place when the product, service, or project element contracted for by the client is placed in operation or turned over to the client (i.e. transferred to the ‘care, custody and control’ of the users.) [D00476]

N

 007 p374
CV
Stands for "Curriculum Vitae" or Résumé. [D02240]

N

  
See Cost Variance

GJN
CHMT

  
CWBS
See Contract Work Breakdown Structure

JN
CHMT

  
Cybernetics
The study of man-machine relationships to optimize output performance. Generally given inadequate attention on projects. See also Method Study. [D03056]

JN
C

 CCCP
Cycle
One complete pass through the four phases: inception, elaboration, construction and transition. The span of time between the beginning of the inception phase and the end of the transition phase.
Editor's Note: Also known as Project Life Cycle PLC or Project Life Span (PLS). [D04713]

JN
CHMT

 RUP
Cycle Time
The time it takes to create a deliverable – includes staff effort time and time spent on other projects or processes. [D02194]

N

 PMMJ97
Definitions for page C16: 60

***  prev

Home | Issacons | PM Glossary | Papers & Books | Max's Musings
Guest Articles | Contact Info | Top of Page