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An intense and focused scrutiny of an issue with the aim of covering it as comprehensively as possible and, in particular, identifying and discussing risks which might not otherwise be considered in the absence of such an intellectually charged and spontaneous environment. A brainstorming session should normally be led by a "facilitator" whose task is to encourage suggestions, avoid criticism, and generally create an atmosphere in which participants are motivated to put forward as many relevant ideas as possible.
A useful technique is to divide the session into two phases: