Effective Project Execution
Since the effective execution of a project requires the combined
effort of many functional areas acting as a team, new management
relationships have to be created within the traditional organization.
Successful achievement therefore necessitates cutting across the
normal flow of authority, with responsibilities radiating outside
any one functional unit. Lack of official cohesiveness means that
the traditional management approach becomes unsatisfactory for project
The project manager is confronted with the coordination and integration
of both human and non-human resources. He must balance concept requirements
with engineering limitations and, at the same time, relate the client's
functional demands to cost restrictions. However, he does have the
advantage of being able to look at the overall project without being
influenced by, say, the specialist's bias or contractor's profit
motive. His objectives are identical to those of the owner, although
he should be able and willing to argue a point with him when he
feels it is necessary,
The adoption of an effective project management organizational
structure, together with the use of management system tools to manage
the project, forces a logical approach to the undertaking. It facilitates
decision making and enables management to readily handle its responsibilities.
In fact, as a management philosophy it provides a refreshing way
of thinking that allows for temporary changes in an organization's
structure and its activities.