This Guest case study was submitted for publication 8/15/13.
It is copyright to Young Min Park, PMP MSPM, 2013.
Published here March 2014

PART 1 | Introduction to Part 2 | Project Governance and Organization
Stakeholder Management and Project Charter | Project Planning, Scope Planning, and Team Building
Estimating Activity Durations and Project Duration | Project Time Management
Project Cost Management | Project Quality Planning and Control
Project Human Resources Management and Communications
Summary and Conclusions | Issues for Discussion

Project Planning, Scope Planning, and Team Building

Project planning

King Jeongjo instructed to Jeong Yakyong (So called "Dasan") to plan the project. Dasan researched and wrote various books about the fortress. He completed "Seongsol" about two years before the start of Hwaseong project. Thereafter, King Jeongjo made an "Eojeseonghwajuryak" based on the "Seongsol". "Eojeseonghwajuryak" is a basic project plan that is composed of a project blueprint and specifications for eight areas. These include "Punsu" (Size and dimensions of the fortress), "Jaeryo" (materials), Hocham (digging trench), Tosaki (excavation and basement), Doldeugi (sizing and cutting the rock), Gildakki (road construction) and Seongje (building the wall). The project plan was documented before the work was started and it described how to proceed in detail. The importance of this plan was noted in the Uigwe as shown in Figure 22.

Figure 22: Eojeseonghwajuryak
Figure 22: Eojeseonghwajuryak


Translation of extract shown in yellow:

"First, it is about the size and dimensions. The length must be about 3,600 bo, and the height must be 2 jang 5chuk to resist the enemy. The cost for the rocks and labor cost shall be based on this dimension. Second, it is about material. It is stated now that the materials of the fortress will be the stones or soil."

A month before the groundbreaking, the King asked project director, Chae Jegong, about his intention and Chae Jegong referred to the project plans. This means that the various plans were considered and might actually be produced, see Figure 23 .

Figure 23: Gyesa, December 6, 1793
Figure 23: Gyesa, December 6, 1793


Translation of extract shown in yellow:

"The King asked: 'what is your intention?' and Chae Jegong answered 'The project will start soon in the spring of next year, therefore all plans of construction must be well prepared. ...'"

Scope planning

In Yeonsul, the King emphasized the importance of scope planning before moving forward. The books "Seongsol, Ongseong Dosul, Nuzo Dosul, Hyunan Dosul, Poru Dosul, Kijung Dosul" were written by Dasan and this includes the various facilities in the fortress. "Dosul" means a book with illustrations and drawings. This defined a detailed project scope for construction.

Figure 24: Yeonsul, December 6, 1793


Translation of extract shown in yellow:

"The King instructed Chae Jegong: '... It is important to define the scope of work before moving forward, and management and control is more important than defining the scope and finding right people is most important.'"

Team building

Project Team Building is one of the most important processes for project success. The project manager, Gamdongdangsang Cho Simtae requested approval from the King for his project team. In his request, he named experienced ex-government officials recognizing the importance of using "expert judgment" on the various project issues.

Figure 25: Gyesa, Dec 21, 1793
Figure 25: Gyesa, Dec 21, 1793


Translation of extract shown in yellow:

"Gamdongdangsang Cho Simtae said to the King. 'Most important work at this time is to pick stone and transport it. This work will start soon, I'd like to appoint former Busa Kim Chohan, former Gunsu Cho Woonsang, Koo Soohan, Jwajang Lee Bangwoon as supervisors for picking and carrying the stones.' The King said. 'I approve, go ahead.'"


Stakeholder Management and Project Charter  Stakeholder Management and Project Charter

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