Project Governance and Organization
The project was fully managed by "Seongyokso", which today we would see as a "PMO" (Project Management Office) like organization. The King Jeongjo was the project sponsor providing the project funding. He also developed and presented the basic project plan. "Chae Jegong" was appointed as "Chongridaesin" (Project director) and Cho Simtae was appointed as a "Gamdondangsang" (Project Manager). Other positions such as Chaekeungdochong, Byulgamdong were assigned to various government officials. In total there were 219 officials appointed as project supervisors. The project governance was clearly defined and the role of each appointed position was appropriate. Remember, this all took place 220 years ago!
There was a project management office, called "Seongyokso". King Jeongjo appointed Che Jegong as a Chongridaesin, which is similar to project director and Cho Simtae as a Gamdongdangsang, which is a Project Manager. Lee Youkyung was appointed as a Dochung, site manager for all administration works. Under this management level, there were supervisory groups with 219 people and then working groups underneath with 1,969 workers.
The supervisors and working groups were divided into two parts. One is for technical work at the site and the other is for administration work. There were 2,191 skilled craftsmen listed in Uigwe each with name, region from, and number of working days on the project. There were more than 2,000 non-skilled workers who worked for the project but are not listed. Therefore, it can be said that there were more than 4,000 people working on the project at its peak time. Figure 19 shows an organizational chart for the project.
Figure 19: Project organization chart