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For those who have some difficulty in following my logic, here are some useful project management definitions [as proposed by me in 1984.]


The imaginative development of a set of ideas.


The exercise of corrective action as necessary to yield a required outcome consequent upon monitoring performance.


"To manage is to forecast and plan, to organize, to command, to co-ordinate and to control. To forecast and plan mean examining the future and drawing upá the plan of action. To organize means to build up the dual structure, material and human, of the undertaking. To command means maintaining activity amongst the personnel. To coordinate means bonding together, unifying and harmonizing all activity and effort. To control means seeing that everything occurs in conformity with established rule and expressed command." (Henri Fayol, Administration Industrielle et Generale, 1916)


The capture and reporting of actual performance compared to planned performance.


An intended future course of action.


The means by which an objective is achieved.


Any undertaking with a defined starting point and defined objectives by which completion is identified. In practice most projects depend on finite or limited resources by which the objectives are to be accomplished.

Project Management

The art of directing and coordinating human and material resources throughout the life of a project by using modern management techniques to achieve predetermined objectives of scope, cost, time, quality and participant satisfaction.


The work content of a project or component of a project. Scope is fully described by naming all activities performed, the end products which result, and the resources consumed.


A methodical assembly of actions or things forming a logical and connected scheme or unit.

Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)

A task-oriented "family tree" of activities which organizes, defines and graphically displays the work to be accomplished in order to achieve the final objectives of a project.

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