For those who have some difficulty in following my logic, here are some useful
project management definitions [as proposed by me in 1984.]
The imaginative development of a set of ideas.
The exercise of corrective action as necessary to yield a required outcome
consequent upon monitoring performance.
"To manage is to forecast and plan, to organize, to command, to co-ordinate
and to control. To forecast and plan mean examining the future and drawing upá
the plan of action. To organize means to build up the dual structure, material
and human, of the undertaking. To command means maintaining activity amongst
the personnel. To coordinate means bonding together, unifying and harmonizing
all activity and effort. To control means seeing that everything occurs in conformity
with established rule and expressed command." (Henri Fayol, Administration
Industrielle et Generale, 1916)
The capture and reporting of actual performance compared to planned performance.
An intended future course of action.
The means by which an objective is achieved.
Any undertaking with a defined starting point and defined objectives by which
completion is identified. In practice most projects depend on finite or limited
resources by which the objectives are to be accomplished.
The art of directing and coordinating human and material resources throughout
the life of a project by using modern management techniques to achieve predetermined
objectives of scope, cost, time, quality and participant satisfaction.
The work content of a project or component of a project. Scope is fully described
by naming all activities performed, the end products which result, and the resources
A methodical assembly of actions or things forming a logical and connected
scheme or unit.
Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)
A task-oriented "family tree" of activities which organizes, defines
and graphically displays the work to be accomplished in order to achieve the
final objectives of a project.