These changes and clarifications are designed to provide
a consistent, logical model, avoiding the current confusion around the role of
process groups. The model is as follows:
- The project life cycle provides
sequential, end-to-end control of a project.
- Knowledge Areas define the
project-related competencies required within the project team.
- The structure
of each KA is described as a logical progression of Knowledge Area Steps.
content of each KA is specified in terms of processes.
- Each process is
characterized by the KAS within its KA, and is defined in terms of Outputs, Tools
& Techniques, and Inputs.
cycles support governance; Knowledge Areas ensure competence; Knowledge Area Steps
provide structure; and processes deliver project-related results.
proposed changes to the PMBOK® Guide should put these concepts on a firmer
basis that is also easier to understand and less open to misinterpretation.
Standards Organization (ISO). ISO 31000:2009 Risk Management Principles and
Guidelines. Geneva, Switzerland. 2009.
Office of Government Commerce
(OGC). An Introduction to Prince2: Managing and Directing Successful Projects.
Norwich, UK: The Stationery Office (TSO), 2009.
PM World Journal. Devil's
Dictionary of Project Management Terms. C. Piney, Volume VI, Issue 4
April 2017 (http://pmworldjournal.net/issue/pm-world-journal-volume-vi-issue-4-april-2017/)
This paper results from a serious study and analysis of the PMBOK®
Guide and, as a result, suggests a number of changes that are long overdue.
addition, it is time that the importance of Project Quality Management
is recognized for the value it exerts over the success of the products resulting
from the project. Therefore should come immediately after Project Scope
Management in the Guide. After all, they are both fundamental inputs to
the work of the project. Indeed, many companies treat scope and quality as a single
I have chosen to mention Outputs before Inputs, since a process exists to deliver
outputs, so these should be determined and defined before anything else.